Difference between revisions of "USCM"
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United States Colonial Marines
The USCM is divided into three overarching branches, called the Marine Space Forces: Sol, overseeing the core colonies and earth, the largest of the three; Eridani, operating among the Chinese and American colonised arms; Herculis, going through the Anglo-Japanese arms and the outer fringes. While each branch operates independently, all are responsible for protecting American space and working together in that goal. There is also a fourth group, the Reserves, which is stationed mostly on earth and serves to reinforce the other branches.
Marine Space Force, Herculis, Chinook 91 GSO station is a military space station in geosynchronous orbit around the colony world Georgia 525 (70 Ophiuchi A V), and is the headquarters for the Herculis branch of the USCM. Under its control are the 4th Colonial Marine Division, 4th Colonial Marine Brigade, 4th Aerospace Wing, and 1st Colonial Support Group of the USCM. Chinook 91 reports directly to O'Neill station in Earth-Lunar space. Tithonis Mountain on Bernice 378 is another large garrison of USCM troops, such as the 1st Colonial Support Group, and there are more minor garrisons along the Anglo-Japanese arm. The 2nd battalion of the 4th brigade, the Falling Falcons, and the USS Almayer are stationed in Herculis.
Fleet insignias were made by Naut.
The USS Almayer, an Arikara-class patrol transport, was christened in 2171 but designed in the 2150s during a increased need for patrol craft in deep space. The first Arikara-class patrol transports were constructed in the 2160s, and the USS Almayer was the 4th ship in the class produced. The USS Almayer was constructed in the Heinlein Memorial Shipyards located above the earth’s moon for low gravity workstations. The main advantages of the Arikara patrol transport over other forms of transports and combat ships is its small footprint and rapid response time. However, the marines that serve aboard these patrol transports are either volunteer forces or conscripted to their long voyages in outer territories where most luxuries do not exist.
The USS Almayer underwent a Block 78A retrofit in 2178, which replaced many of the sensors and maintenance areas. Along with that, due to rising tensions between the company and various outer rim colonies, a need arose to include a corporate representative onboard. While the sum for this service was never officially disclosed, the USS Almayer was equipped with an office for a company representative and sent to patrol corporate outer-rim colonies. For more information on the USS Almayer head here.
The USCM was created following the passing of The National Security Act of 2101 authorizing the formal formation of four combat divisions and four aerospace wings, plus the support services organic to these formations. It's task primarily was the defense of the growing colonial frontiers of the United States government during the Great Space Race involving the three major powers of Sol attempting to spread their grasp across the stars. The marines would serve as primarily a defensive and reactionary force rather then an offensive one.
It would not be until after the Sol Campaign that the American military and government would make use of the USCM as a offensive might to wrest control of the colonial frontier through force. Having their Mars and Sol colonial assets shaken due to UPP proxy funding and igniting of civil unrest that led to a full sized conflict costing thousands in Sol, a severe scare befell the UA involving the belief that a similar fate would befall the American colonies which were farther from the reach of the standard army. The belief quickly led to the rapid mobilization and armament of the USCM along with the adaption of unrestricted military doctrine on civilian colonies. The result would cause the ignition of the Tientsin campaign.
The Tientsin campaign would become the USCM's first offensive deployment, tasked with retaking the colony of Tientsin whose colonial government had been overthrown in a social coup supported by the Union Of Progressive People in 2165. The number of marines would peak at 240,000 active combat Marines and over a dozen combat warships resulting in one of the largest conflicts fought between two major super-powers in decades. Eventually both sides would withdraw after the usage of nuclear weaponry, devastating the colonial population and leaving scars that would echo and become rallying calls for future colonies against falling under the banner of either power.
By 2179 the number of active combat marines had dropped to 165,000, with a further 50,000 in reserve stretched across the three sectors of Sol, Eridani, and Herculis. The USCM finds itself locked in a war on insurgency mainly in Herculis with everyday seeing another colony on the frontiers go dark due to an unseen enemy, or another colony declaring itself independent and aligning itself with the loose conglomerate known as the Colonial Liberation Front. As a result of the growing concerns during the Cold War against the UPP, most military funding has been directed inwards to Sol and the inner colonies of Eridani, leaving much of the USCM forces and warships in Herculis either outdated or retrofitted. The situation only continues to grow worse with new enemies appearing daily and insufficient funding and manpower to meet the threat head-on.
Regarded as one of the largest wars humanity has seen since the Great Wars of the early 21st century, the Sol War was the first major interstellar war fought between the colonial government of Mars secretly backed by the UPP against the UA and RESS forces to overthrow their administrative grasp on the massive colony. The total casualties still remain unaccounted for to this day but estimates fall into the high millions and thousands of naval vessels lost while trying to take control of space above and secure vital naval ports.
Most casualties are accredited due to failure to adapt more modern military doctrine when dealing with multi-planetary conflict. The first wave of reinforcements sent to put down the Mars Rebellion resulted in the loss of over 300,000 soldiers in the first week due to poor coordination, failure to disable planetary anti-warship batteries, and fighting against an enemy on their homeland and home space. As a result, Mars forces were able to mobilize defenses across the colonies, creating what was anticipated to be a quick war into a long grueling conflict stretching over four long years.
The War eventually came to a close with the capital of both UA and RESS colonies' captured and colonial government leaders subdued. However, the scars would remain even to the modern day with major humanitarian issues, children of dead families caught in the conflict, and a still recovering economy. Mars was permitted to create its own self-defense force in order to present them a sign of friendship however it remains severely underfunded with a limit of how many naval vessels and soldiers it may keep in its rosters.
The Cristobal Massacre was a disasterous campaign for USCM and has even been accredited as spark that ignited CLF. The mission was organized to take down a local colonial freedom fighter on a planet that had declared independence. The end result was countless dead colonists, which were by far largely innocent. The USCM had to go through several political coverups and not much of this affair is publicly known. For more information on the Cristobal Massacre.
The Tientsin Campaign was the first major conflict the USCM were deployed into since the Sol Campaign pressured congress to bolster their funding and recruitment. The colony world of Tientsin suffered from a socialist-led coup resulting in the overthrowing of the UA-supported government and the installment of a pro-UPP regime. American Government and USCM High Command, already haboring a deep distrust in the colonies wasted no effort in mobilizing and deploying a massive task-force dedicated with retaking the colony by force. The UPP also, not desiring to lose the opportunity to get their hands on a rich colonial world deployed their own task-force, resulting in the first major engagement between the two super-powers since the start of the Cold-War.
The Campaign was extremely bloody, most notably for the civilians caught in the crossfire. The USCM had already gained a sour reputation among colonial worlds due to rumored massacring of civilians, there was also a deep disliking of the colonies by veteran officers who had served in the Sol Campaign. They foresaw Tientsin as the second Sol Campaign and therefore permitted marines off the record to fight unrestricted, regardless of civilian life caught on the battlefield in order to prevent such a disaster from ever occuring in American history a second time. Some historians argue these cruel stances by high command as a result of nervousness and desire to protect more American lives, however others saw it as a sole desire to uphold American hegemony through an iron fist.
The end resulted in the usage of nuclear weapons and withdrawl of both of the UPP And USCM forces after years of battle. The conflict failed to see a result with most of the colony now in ruins and referred to 'unusable'. After the full withdrawl a humanitarian relief force was assembled and said to have been sent to aid those left in the aftermath. However, little money actually went to the relief force. In the end after the media had blown over it was eventually disbanded and the planet left on its own. The disaster quickly became the first rallying call for a rise to action with the belief of 'Fend for ourselves' mentality.